Why You Should Be Thanking Your Cerebellum

Learn about the structure and functions of this amazing patch of brain tissue. Cerebellum is a Latin word that means ‘little brain’. This term refers to its distinctive appearance compared to the rest of the brain. The cerebellum is a wrinkled, cauliflower-shaped brain structure located at the base of the skull. It looks like it could be a second


What Are Neurotransmitters?

Explore the function of neurotransmitters in mood, happiness, and more. Simply put, neurotransmitters are chemicals found in your brain and body that help tell it what to do. These chemicals are produced naturally by your body and they are responsible for many aspects of your brain’s functioning. The first neurotransmitter was discovered in the early 1900s; over 100 more


What Are Mirror Neurons and Why Do We Have Them?

Mirror neurons activate in our brains when we watch other people do something. Mirror neurons are nerve cells that get activated when we observe the actions of other people (di Pellegrino et al., 1992). More specifically, they are neurons that would also be activated if we were engaging in that same action ourselves. There are


Understanding Fear and the Amygdala

This brain region drives our experiences of fear, among other things. Close to two hundred years ago, a doctor dissecting a human body first recognized the region of the brain that would come to be known as the amygdala (Ledoux, 2007). Since this region was shaped like an almond, and about the same size, too, it was named


Neuroscience in a Nutshell

Neuroscience allows us to understand ourselves like never before. Read on to learn about the history and practice of neuroscience. Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system. The brain is, of course, a central focus of neuroscience, but neuroscientific research also includes the study of other parts of the nervous system such as the spinal cord and


How to Learn Better by Understanding Neuroplasticity

Keep reading to learn about this essential brain function that gives life its flavor. Imagine a world in which we are unable to learn from our mistakes, we never take up a new hobby or learn a new skill, and we can’t learn to navigate a new city. This is a world without neuroplasticity. Neuroplasticity is an amazing


Discover the Importance of Your Hippocampus

Learn how the hippocampus works and how to keep it healthy. The word hippocampus means “seahorse” in Greek, which is what it’s shaped like. Like most things in the brain, the hippocampus is complex. It’s a structure consisting of several subparts and multiple layers, and it connects to several other areas of the brain (Dhikav & Anand, 2012).


Are You More ‘Left-Brained’ or‘Right-Brained’?

Learn the truth about the left and right sides of the brain. The left brain and right brain refer to each of the two halves of the brain, also known as hemispheres. The two hemispheres are connected by a structure called the corpus callosum, which allows them to communicate with one another. While each hemisphere is nearly a


Activate Your Parasympathetic Nervous System for Better Health

Let’s learn about this fascinating system for creating feelings of calm and relaxation. The parasympathetic nervous system is one of the two main parts of the autonomic nervous system. The autonomic nervous system is the part of the nervous system that functions without conscious control, regulating functions like heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, and digestion. The parasympathetic nervous system